What is national security? Rights and obligations of citizens in national security protection in Vietnam

What is national security? What are the rights and obligations of citizens in national security protection in Vietnam? – Huong Linh (Binh Duong, Vietnam)

What is national security? Rights and obligations of citizens in national security protection in Vietnam (Internet image)

1. What is national security?

According to Clause 1, Article 3 of the Law on National Security 2004, national security means the stability and sustainable development of the socialist regime and the State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the inalienability of the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of the Fatherland.

2. Tasks of national security protection in Vietnam

- Protecting the political regime and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam State, protecting independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of the Fatherland.

- Protecting the ideological and cultural security, the national unity bloc, the legitimate rights and interests of agencies, organizations and individuals.

- Protecting the security in the economic, defense, external relation domains and other national interests.

- Protecting the State secrets and important national security targets.

- Preventing, detecting, stopping, frustrating and excluding all activities of infringing upon the national security and dangers threatening the national security.

(Article 14 of the Law on National Security 2004)

3. Rights and obligations of citizens in national security protection in Vietnam

- To join in the national security protection forces and perform the national security protection tasks according to law provisions.

- To denounce acts of infringing upon the national security, acts of abusing the performance of national security protection tasks to infringe upon the interests of the State, the legitimate rights and interests of organizations and individuals.

- To detect, propose the administrations or the national security protection agencies to redress loopholes and shortcomings in the implementation of legislation on national security protection.

- To detect, provide in time information and/or documents related to, activities of infringing upon the national security to the nearest administration or national security protection agencies.

- To act upon the requests of national security protection agencies according to law provisions.

- To assist, create conditions for, responsible agencies and persons to apply preventive measures, detect, stop and struggle against activities of infringing upon the national security.

(Article 17 of the Law on National Security 2004)

4. Responsibilities of agencies and organizations in national security protection in Vietnam

- Agencies and organizations shall, within the ambit of their respective tasks and powers, have to organize the performance of tasks defined in Article 14 of this Law and other law provisions on national security protection.

- To apply measures to protect the internal political security, mobilize the strengths of agencies, organizations for the performance of national security protection tasks; to include the national security protection tasks into professional programs, plans and activities of agencies, organizations.

- To educate and mobilize all members of their agencies or organizations as well as people to participate in national security protection.

- To detect, provide in time information and/or documents related to, activities of infringing upon the national security to the nearest national security protection agencies or administrations.

- To act upon requests of national security protection agencies as provided for by law.

(Article 18 of the Law on National Security 2004)

5. Responsibilities of Vietnam Fatherland Front and its member organizations in national security protection in Vietnam

Vietnam Fatherland Front and its member organizations shall, within the ambit of their respective tasks and powers, have to propagate and mobilize people to build the national unity bloc, to strictly observe the legislation on national security protection; to supervise the observance of legislation on national security protection by organizations and individuals.

(Article 19 of the Law on National Security 2004)

Diem My

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