Tasks of defence mobilization in Vietnam

What is defence mobilization? What are the tasks of defence mobilization in Vietnam? - Van Hoang (Binh Thuan)

What is defence mobilization?

Pursuant to Clause 1 of Article 11 of the Law on National Defense 2018, defence mobilization is a combination of activities and measures to mobilize all resources of the nation or a number of localities for national defense and Homeland defense activities.

 Formulation of national defence mobilization plans and measures shall be subject to the Government's regulations.

Tasks of defence mobilization in Vietnam

Tasks of defence mobilization in Vietnam (Internet image)

Tasks of defence mobilization in Vietnam

Pursuant to Clause 2, Article 11 of the Law on National Defense 2018, the tasks of defence mobilization shall include the followings:

- Mobilize all resources of the national economy to ensure national defense;

- Mobilize resources to meet the defense needs in the first year of war;

- Build and mobilize the reserve force; build and expand the militia and self-defense force;

- Carry out industrial mobilization;

- Shift the organization and operation of ministries, central sectoral administrations and localities from peacetime to wartime;

- Fulfill other duties regulated by relevant laws.

Regulations on general mobilization and local mobilization in Vietnam

Pursuant to Article 19 of the Law on National Defense 2018, regulations on general mobilization and local mobilization are as follows:

- When there is a decision to declare the state of war or to declare a state of national defense emergency, the National Assembly Standing Committee shall consider and decide the general mobilization or local mobilization.

- Based on the resolution of the National Assembly Standing Committee, the State President shall issue the order for general or local mobilization.

- The general mobilization order shall be promulgated nationwide; carry out the entire defense defense plan; shift from the socio-economic activities of the nation to assurance of implementing the combat missions, meeting combat demands and satisfying defense needs in the state of war.

When performing the general mobilization order, the People's Army and the militia and self-defense force shall be shifted to a state of readiness to fight and expand the militia and self-defense force as prescribed by the Minister of National Defense, shall be provided with logistic and technical equipment; meanwhile, the people's army shall be provided with more reserve military personnel.

- The local mobilization order shall be promulgated in one or several localities and applied to concerned agencies, organizations and individuals for the implementation of national defense mobilization plans; shift from the socio-economic activities of the locality subject to mobilization to assurance of implementation of the combat missions, readiness to fight and national defense needs.

When executing the local mobilization order, the Minister of National Defence shall command several units of the People's Army and the militia and self-defense force to shift to the proper state of readiness to fight and provide logistic and technical equipment and reserve military personnel for several units of the People’s Army, and explain the militia and self-defence force at localities receiving the local mobilization order.

- When there is neither the state of war nor the state of national defense emergency, the National Assembly Standing Committee shall decide whether the general mobilization or local mobilization is abolished.

- Based on the resolution of the National Assembly Standing Committee, the State President shall issue the order for the general or local mobilization.

Prohibited acts in the national defence sector in Vietnam

Pursuant to Article 6 of the Law on National Defense 2018, prohibited acts in the national defence sector include:

- Oppose independence, sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity of the Homeland, the people, the Communist Party of Vietnam, the State, the socialism, the building and safeguarding of the Homeland.

- Establish, participate in and sponsor armed organizations in contravention of law.

- Mobilize and use people, weapons, explosives, support tools, equipment, and other means to carry out armed activities without obtaining orders or decisions of competent authorities or not in the approved training, drill and combat preparedness plans.

- Fight against or hinder agencies, organizations and individuals while they are performing their national defense tasks

- Make use of or abuse the performance of national defense tasks to infringe upon the national interests or legitimate rights and interests of agencies, organizations or individuals.

- Practice the sex discrimination in the performance of national defense tasks.

Mai Thanh Loi

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