Principles of grant of certificates of land use rights in Vietnam

Principles of grant of certificates of land use rights in Vietnam
Lê Trương Quốc Đạt

What are the principles of grant of certificates of land use rights in Vietnam? - Thuyen Kim (Soc Trang)

Principles of grant of certificates of land use rights in Vietnam

Principles of grant of certificates of land use rights in Vietnam (Internet image)

Regarding this issue, LawNet would like to answer as follows:

1. Principles of grant of certificates of land use rights in Vietnam

Principles of grant of certificates of land use rights and ownership of houses and other land-attached assets according to Article 98 of the Land Law 2013 are as follows:

-The certificate of land use rights and ownership of houses and other land-attached assets shall be granted for each land parcel.

Land users who are using several agricultural land parcels in the same commune, ward or township, shall be granted one certificate for all parcels at their request.

- For a land parcel which is used by several land users or for the houses and other land-attached assets which are owned by several owners, the names of all involved persons shall be recorded in the certificate, and each person shall be granted one certificate. At the request of the land users or owners, only one certificate may be granted to all of them and delivered to the representative.

- Land users or owners of houses and other land-attached assets shall be granted a certificate of land use rights and ownership of houses and other land-attached assets after they have fulfilled the financial obligations as prescribed by law.

In case the land users or owners of houses and other land-attached assets do not have to fulfill financial obligations or are exempted from financial obligations or allowed to owe the financial obligations and in case the land is leased with annual rental payment:

They may receive the certificate of land use rights and ownership of houses and other land-attached assets right after the certificate is granted by a competent agency.

- In case land use rights, or land use rights and the ownership of houses and other land- attached assets, or the ownership of houses and other land-attached assets are/is the joint property of husband and wife:

The full names of both husband and wife must be recorded in the certificate of land use rights and ownership of houses and other land-attached assets, unless husband and wife agree to record the full name of only one person.

In case land use rights, or land use rights and the ownership of houses and other land-attached assets, or the ownership of houses and other land-attached assets are/is the joint property of husband and wife and the granted certificate only records the full name of the husband or wife, a new certificate which records the full names of both husband and wife may be granted if requested.

- If there is a difference in the area between the actual surveyed data with data recorded on the documents as prescribed in Article 100 of the Land Law 2013 or in the granted certificate while the boundaries of the land parcel in use have not changed compared with the boundaries of the land parcel at the time of receiving the document on land use rights and there is no dispute with the adjacent land users, the land area is determined in accordance with the actual surveyed data for granting or changing the certificate.

Land users do not have to pay land use levy for the positive balance in area, if any.

In case of resurvey and the boundaries of the land parcel change compared with the boundaries of the land parcel at the time of receiving the document on land use rights and the surveyed area is larger than the area recorded in that document, the balance area (if any) may be considered for the grant of a certificate of land use rights and ownership of houses and other land-attached assets in accordance with Article 99 of the Land Law 2013.

2. Regulations on issuance of Certificates of land use rights in Vietnam

Issuance of certificates of land use rights and ownership of houses and other land-attached assets in Vietnam according to Article 97 of the Land Law 2013 provides as follows:

- A certificate of land use rights and ownership of houses and other land-attached assets is granted to those who have land use rights and the ownership of houses and other land-attached assets, which is made according to a single form used nationwide.

The Minister of Natural Resources and Environment shall issue specific regulations on the certificate of land use rights and ownership of houses and other land-attached assets.

- The certificate of land use rights, the certificate of house ownership and residential land use rights, the certificate of house ownership and the certificate of construction facilities ownership which have been granted in accordance with the land law, housing law or construction law before December 10, 2009, remain legally valid and are not required to be changed to the certificate of land use rights and ownership of houses and other land-attached assets.

In case those who were granted a certificate before December 10, 2009, want to change the certificate, they shall be granted the certificate of land use rights and ownership of houses and other land-attached assets in accordance with the Land Law 2013.

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