Scientific and technological activities in the crop production industry in Vietnam

What are the scientific and technological activities in the crop production industry in Vietnam? - Dai Trinh (HCMC)

Scientific and technological activities in the crop production industry in Vietnam

Scientific and technological activities in the crop production industry in Vietnam (Internet image)

Regarding this matter, LawNet would like to answer as follows:

1. Scientific and technological activities in the crop production industry in Vietnam

According to Article 6 of the Law on crop production 2018, regulations on scientific and technological activities in the crop production industry are as follows:

- Scientific and technological activities in the crop production industry shall be performed in accordance with the Law on crop production 2018 and other legislation on science and technology and technology transfers.

- Scientific and technological activities in the crop production industry shall receive the State’s investment or investment incentives, including:

+ Studying mechanisms and policies in the crop production industry; selecting and creating high-quality plant varieties which can resist harmful organisms and adapt to climate change; making best use of beneficial organisms; developing organic fertilizers, biological products, cultivation techniques and environmental protection in the crop production industry; conducting researches into soil science, crop nutrition and postharvest technologies;

+ Collecting, keeping, conserving and making best use of genetic resources of precious, rare plant varieties, specialty plant varieties and indigenous cultivated plant varieties; building crop gene banks;

+ Carrying out research and development and application of high technologies, advanced technologies and new technologies in crop cultivation, preservation and processing activities; organic farming and crop production practices adaptable to climate change.

2. State policies on crop production activities in Vietnam

According to Article 4 of the Law on crop production 2018, the State policies on crop production activities are as follows:

- The State shall invest in the following activities:

+ Enumerating, investigating and building databases of crop production activities; databases of market information and forecasting; developing strategies for crop production development; establishing technical standards and regulations on crop farming activities;

+ Building and improving infrastructure facilities and equipment of state-owned science and technology bodies specialized in conducting policy and fundamental researches in the crop production sector;

+ Science and technology activities referred to in point a and b of clause 2 of Article 6 of the Law on crop production 2018;

+ Training agricultural extension personnel working in areas facing difficult or extremely socio-economic conditions.

- In each period and within the capacity of the state budget, the State shall support the following activities:

+ Production connection, development of concentrated commodity production areas and organic crop production zones; shift in the crop structure; farming on the sloping land, lowland, alkaline soil, saline soil, sandy soil at or near the coast, soil at risk of desertification or degradation; development of material areas serving the needs of processing plants; management of planting zones and commodity origin tracking;

+ Science and technology activities referred to in point c of clause 2 of Article 6 of the Law on crop production 2018;

+ Application of advanced quality control systems and crop product certification;

+ Construction of infrastructure, analysis and evaluation of primary crop production conditions, agro-chemical and soil evaluation for the concentrated commodity production; building of infrastructure facilities intended for crop produce preservation, storage and processing; production of organic fertilizers, biological products; organic farming; mechanization; national laboratories and international inter-laboratory testing;

+ Planned rice production;

+ Production of super prototypal varieties, prototypal varieties and parental varieties for production of F1 hybrid seeds, new original and commercial varieties; revitalization of specialty varieties and indigenous crop varieties; preservation of first-generation plants; protection and development of first-generation plant gardens; import of new varieties, disposition of plant variety property rights;

+ Construction of wholesale markets in crop products; branding, trade promotions, development of markets for consumption of crop products;

+ Restoration of crop production in case of natural disasters or epidemics that may occur;

+ Workforce training; transfer of technological breakthroughs and advances in agricultural extension in the crop production industry.

- The State shall encourage organizations and individuals to invest in activities specified in clauses 1 and 2 of Article 4 of the Law on crop production 2018 and the following activities:

+ Cooperation and affiliation in research and development, business, supply of engineering services, technology transfer and related activities in the crop production sector;

+ Private sector investment in public services in the crop production industry; improvement of the capacity for performing conformity assessment activities;

+ Crop insurance;

+ Organic farming, farming associated with ecotourism, landscape protection, culture and history at rural areas;

+ Use of organic fertilizers.

To Quoc Trinh

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