General rules regarding operation on roads in Vietnam

What are the general rules regarding operation on roads in Vietnam? - Kim Uyen (HCMC)

General rules regarding operation on roads in Vietnam

Pursuant to Article 9 of the Law on Road Traffic 2008, the general rules regarding operation on roads in Vietnam are as follows:

- Road users shall keep to the right in their travel direction, move on the prescribed lane or road section and obey the road signal system.

- The driver and persons sitting on the front seats of a car equipped with safety belts shall wear the safety belts.

General rules regarding operation on roads in Vietnam

General rules regarding operation on roads in Vietnam (Internet image) 

Prohibited acts regarding road traffic in Vietnam

Pursuant to Article 8 of the Law on Road Traffic 2008 and Clause 1, Article 35 of the Law on prevention and control of harmful effects of alcoholic beverages 2019, it is stipulated that prohibited acts in the field of road traffic include:

- Destroying roads, road bridges, tunnels and ferry landing stages, light signals, marker posts, signs, dome mirrors, median strips, water drainage systems and other works and equipment of road traffic infrastructure.

- Illegally digging, drilling and cutting roads; illegally placing or erecting hurdles on roads; placing and spreading pointed objects, pouring lubricants on roads; illegally leaving materials, wastes and garbage on roads; illegally opening passages and linking to main roads; illegally encroaching, occupying or using land of roads and road safety corridors; opening manhole covers without permission, illegally dismantling, removing or falsifying road works.

- Illegally using roadbeds, roadsides and pavements.

- Putting motor vehicles and special-use machines which fail to satisfy technical safety and environmental protection criteria into operation on roads.

- Changing the chassis, components and accessories of motor vehicles in order to temporarily achieve their technical criteria before taking them for inspection.

- Taking part in, cheering or organizing illegal vehicle races, driving vehicles recklessly on crowded streets or in zigzags.

- Operating a road motor vehicle while there is narcotic in the operator’s body.

- Operating vehicles under the influence of alcohol

- Operating a motor vehicle without a driver license as prescribed.

Operating a special-use vehicle on the road without a certificate of training in knowledge about the road traffic law, a license or certificate of operation of special-use vehicle.

- Assigning one’s motor vehicle or special-use vehicle to another person ineligible for operating vehicles in road traffic.

- Operating a motor vehicle at a speed beyond the prescribed speed limit, recklessly passing or overtaking.

- Honking and opening the throttle continuously; honking during the time from 22:00 hrs to 05:00 hrs, blowing the hoot, using driving lamps in urban and populous areas, except for priority vehicles moving on duty as provided for by this Law.

- Fitting and using the horn and lamps at variance with the manufacturer design for each type of motor vehicles; using audible devices badly affecting traffic order and safety and public order.

- Transporting goods banned from circulation, illegally transporting, or failing to fully observe regulations on transportation of, dangerous cargoes or wild animals.

- Threatening, offending and fighting over passengers; compelling passengers to use services against their will; employing transshipment, disembarking passengers or committing other acts to evade detection of the carriage of cargoes or passengers in excess of prescribed limits.

- Conducting commercial transportation by car when failing to meet all business conditions as prescribed.

- Absconding after causing accidents in order to shirk responsibility.

- Deliberately refusing to rescue victims of traffic accidents when having conditions to do so.

- Infringing upon the lives, health and property of traffic accident victims and causers.

- Taking advantage of traffic accidents to assault, intimidate, incite, pressure, foment disorder or obstruct the handling of traffic accidents.

- Abusing one’s position, power or profession to breach the road traffic law.

- Illegally manufacturing, using or buying or selling number plates of motor vehicles and special-use vehicles.

- Acts of breaching

Mai Thanh Loi

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