Conditions for organizing online voting in villages and residential groups in Vietnam

Conditions for organizing online voting in villages and residential groups in Vietnam
Trần Thanh Rin

What are the conditions for organizing online voting in villages and residential groups in Vietnam? – Thuy Tien (Quang Nam)

Conditions for organizing online voting in villages and residential groups in Vietnam

Conditions for organizing online voting in villages and residential groups in Vietnam (Internet image)

Regarding this issue, LawNet would like to answer as follows:

1. Conditions for organizing online voting in villages and residential groups

According to Clause 1, Article 5 of Decree 59/2023/ND-CP, conditions for organizing online voting in villages and residential groups are prescribed as follows:

- The contents specified in Clause 6, Article 15 of the Law on Implementing Democracy at the Grassroots must be agreed upon by the Village Head or Residential Group Leader with the Front Working Committee in the village or residential group about the unnecessary need to hold meetings of the residential community or distribute ballots to collect opinions from each household.

Article 15. Contents discussed and decided by the People

...

6. Other self-management tasks within the residential community do not contravene the law and are consistent with good customs, traditions, and social ethics.

- Selected unanimously by the residential community according to the provisions of Point c, Clause 2, Article 5 of Decree 59/2023/ND-CP.

Specifically, the online voting opinion group selects social networks that operate legally in accordance with the law to create social network groups of villages and residential groups and invite household representatives to participate; create votes in social network groups of villages and residential groups to get opinions from household representatives on online voting.

- Representatives of households have electronic devices or smartphones with an internet connection to perform online voting, which is consistent with the level of information technology application in the locality.

2. Procedures for organizing online voting in villages and residential groups

The order for organizing online voting in villages and residential groups is detailed in Clauses 2, 3, 4, Article 5 of Decree 59/2023/ND-CP, specifically as follows:

2.1. Prepare to vote online

- Village heads and residential group leaders coordinate with the Front Working Committee in villages and residential groups to report to the commune-level People's Committee and the commune-level Vietnam Fatherland Front Committee before implementation.

- Village heads and residential group leaders establish an online voting opinion group of 3 to 5 people, including: representatives of villages, residential groups, Front Working Committees in villages, residential groups, household representatives, and users proficient in information technology applications participate in organizing online voting. The leader of the online voting opinion group is the representative of the Front Working Committee in the village or residential group.

- The online voting opinion group selects a legally operating social network in accordance with the law to create a social network group of the village or residential group and invites household representatives to participate; create votes in social network groups of villages and residential groups to get opinions from household representatives on online voting.

Information on household representatives participating in social network groups of villages and residential groups includes: Full name and permanent address.

Organizing online voting is done when more than 50% of the total number of household representatives in the village or residential group choose to agree by online voting.

- The online voting opinion group creates voting content including: content, voting form (agree, disagree, and other opinions). Voting content must be short, clear, simple, easy to understand and easy to manipulate.

2.2. Conduct online voting

The online voting opinion group specifically announces the form, content, and time of online voting and instructs household representatives to access social networking groups of villages and residential groups to perform voting.

In case a household representative needs assistance, please contact the Online Voting Team for detailed instructions.

2.3. Summarize and report online voting results

- The online voting opinion collection team monitors, synthesizes, prepares minutes and reports to the Village Head and Residential Group Leader the results at the end of the online voting, including:

Start time, end time, total number of household representatives participating in voting, total number of household representatives agreeing, total number of households disagreeing, other opinions (if any) on the content of online voting, and accompanied by a photocopy of the online voting results and a list of representatives of households participating in the online voting.

- Online voting results are recorded in accordance with Form No. 03 attached to this Decree; approved when more than 50% of the total number of household representatives in the village or residential group choose to agree, and are publicly posted at the cultural house, community activity points of villages and residential groups, announcements on the radio system, on social network groups of villages and residential groups, or in other forms suitable to the reality of villages and residential groups.

The decision of the residential community is sent to the commune-level People's Committee and the commune-level Vietnam Fatherland Front Committee no later than 05 working days from the end of the online voting.

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