What is the penalty for making an illegal U-turn in Vietnam?

Hi Lawnet. I have a few questions. What are the regulations on changing direction of vehicles in Vietnam? Thus What is the penalty for making an illegal U-turn in Vietnam? - Hoang Kim (Long An, Vietnam)


What is the penalty for making an illegal U-turn in Vietnam?

1. Regulations on changing direction in Vietnam

According to Article 15 of Vietnam's Law on Road Traffic 2008, the change of vehicle direction is as follows:

- When wishing to change direction, the operator shall slow down and give a signal of the turning direction.

- While changing direction, the driver or operator of a special-use vehicle shall allow pedestrians and bicycle riders moving on the road sections reserved for them to pass, give way to oncoming vehicles and shall change direction only when seeing that his/her vehicle does not obstruct or endanger people and other vehicles.

- In residential areas, the driver may make U-turns only at intersections and places with a sign permitting U-turns.

- It is prohibited to make U-turns at road sections reserved for pedestrians to cross, on bridges, at bridge heads, under flyovers, at undergrounds, in road tunnels, on expressways, at level crossings between a road and a railroad track, on narrow roads, steep roads or on bends with insufficient visibility.

2. What is the penalty for making an illegal U-turn in Vietnam?

Cars, motorbikes and bicycles who make a wrong turn of the vehicle may be punished with the following fines:

2.1. For automobiles that do not make U-turns according to the regulations in Vietnam

Violations Penalties Additional penalties

Making an illegal U-turn in a residential area

(Point i, Clause 2, Article 5 of Decree 100/2019/ND-CP)

 400,000 VND to 600,000 VND  

Making a u-turn at pedestrian crossings, on bridges, bridge approaches, in tunnels, under overpass, except for cases in which places for u-turn are established in locations above. 

(Point k, Clause 2, Article 5 of Decree 100/2019/ND-CP)

 400,000 VND to 600,000 VND  

Making a u-turn at a level crossing; making a u-turn at narrow section of the road, on a slope, on a curve section of the road with limited sight or making a u-turn while operating a vehicle prohibited from doing so by a “no u-turn” sign; making a left turn while operating a vehicle prohibited from doing so by a “no left turn” sign; making a right turn while operating a vehicle prohibited from doing so by a “no right turn” sign.

(Point k, Clause 3, Article 5 of Decree 100/2019/ND-CP (amended point a, Clause 3, Article 2 of Decree 123/2021/ND-CP))

 800,000 VND to 1,000,000 VND  

Stopping, parking, and making U-turns illegally, causing traffic jams.

(Point dd Clause 4 and Point b Clause 11 Article 5 of Decree 100/2019/ND-CP (amended in Decree 123/2021/ND-CP))

 2,000,000 VND to 3,000,000 VND Suspension of driving license from 01 - 03 months

​U-turn in the road tunnel

(Point i Clause 4 and Point b Clause 11 Article 5 of Decree 100/2019/ND-CP (amended in Decree 123/2021/ND-CP))

2,000,000 VND to 3,000,000 VND Suspension of driving license from 01 - 03 months

Making wrong U-turn which causes a traffic accident

(Point a Clause 7 and Point c Clause 11 Article 5 of Decree 100/2019/ND-CP (amended in Decree 123/2021/ND-CP))

10,000,000 VND to 12,000,000 VND Suspension of driving license from 01 - 03 months

U-turn on the highway

(Point d Clause 7 and Point c Clause 11 Article 5 of Decree 100/2019/ND-CP (amended in Decree 123/2021/ND-CP))

10,000,000 VND to 12,000,000 VND Suspension of driving license from 01 - 03 months

2.2. For motorcycles that do not make U-turns according to the regulations in Vietnam

Violations Penalties Additional penalties

Making a U-turn at a place where you are not allowed to turn, except for the act of changing direction without yielding the right to go first

(Point p, Clause 1, Article 6 of Decree 100/2019/ND-CP)

100,000 VND to 200,000 VND  

U-turn in the road tunnel

(Point d, Clause 4, Article 6 of Decree 100/2019/ND-CP (amended in Decree 123/2021/ND-CP))

800,000 VND to 1,000,000 VND  

Making a wrong U-turn which causes a traffic accident

(Point b, Clause 7 and Point c, Clause 10, Article 6 of Decree 100/2019/ND-CP)

4,000,000 VND to 5,000,000 VND Suspension of driving license from 01 - 03 months

2.3. For bicycles that do not make U-turns according to the regulations in Vietnam

According to Point e, Clause 1, Article 8 of Decree 100/2019/ND-CP, the act of making a U-turn in a pedestrian tunnel will be fined from 80,000 VND to 100,000 VND.

Quoc Dat

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