Methods for providing career consulting in vocational education and training in Vietnam

What are the regulations on the methods for providing career consulting in vocational education and training in Vietnam? - Minh Tu (Khanh Hoa, Vietnam)

Hình thức triển khai công tác tư vấn nghề nghiệp trong giáo dục nghề nghiệp

Methods for providing career consulting in vocational education and training in Vietnam (Internet image)

Regarding this issue, LawNet would like to answer as follows:

1. What is career consulting in vocational education and training?

According to Clause 1, Article 3 of Circular 14/2022/TT-BLDTBXH, career consulting in vocational education and training refers to an activity which is aimed at raising learners’ awareness of training disciplines and majors, labor demand for training disciplines and majors; assisting learners in choosing training disciplines and majors suitable for their competence, forte and aspirations.

2. Methods for providing career consulting in vocational education and training in Vietnam

Specifically, in Article 7 of Circular 14/2022/TT-BLDTBXH, methods for providing career consulting include:

- Organizing career consulting and orientation programs, itineraries and days for learners.

- Organizing career consulting and orientation seminars, conferences and forums.

- Providing training and access to knowledge and skills for learners through club, team and group activities; extracurricular activities, experiences and exchanges at vocational education and training institutions and employers.

- Organizing competitions to learn about the world of careers and career consulting through career consulting classes and programs.

- Providing career information and career consulting for learners through video clips and images; through documents, publications and media.

- Organizing training, refresher training and professional training courses to develop competence of personnel in charge of providing vocational education and training consulting.

- Cooperating with Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union (HCYU) and associations in providing career consulting to HCYU members, young people and students.

- Other methods prescribed by regulations of law.

3. Career consulting in vocational education and training in Vietnam

Article 6 of Circular 14/2022/TT-BLDTBXH stipulates career consulting in vocational education in vocational education and training in Vietnam as follows:

- Provide career consulting and orientations for learners wishing to enter vocational education and training in terms of:

+ The importance of choosing disciplines and majors;

+ Ways to discover personal strengths and cherish career dreams;

+ Training disciplines and majors;

+ Information on the network of vocational education and training institutions;

+ Benefits received when choosing vocational training;

+ Demand from the labor market.

- Provide career consulting and orientations for learners at vocational education and training institutions in terms of:

+ Methods and skills in future career planning and some necessary skills for learners with a view to shaping their professional attitudes, professional ethics, formulating study plans and developing professional competence;

+ Benefits for employees in direct relation to training disciplines and majors;

+ Employers’ job openings for the training disciplines and majors of the learners at vocational education and training institutions.

- Provide career consulting and orientations for graduate learners wishing to join another discipline or major or continue their study at higher educational levels in terms of

+ Training disciplines and majors;

+ Information on the network of vocational education and training institutions;

+ Several skills in flexible transformation and adaptation.

- Other issues concerning career consulting in conformity with regulations of law.

4. Purpose of career consulting in vocational education and training in Vietnam

Providing career consulting in vocational education and training for the following purposes:

- Assist learners in becoming self-aware of their own competence, interests, forte and career aspirations; acquiring knowledge of career and jobs in the society; future career and job trends so as for them to select appropriate disciplines and majors.

- Raise learners’ awareness of professional attitudes, professional ethics, formulate study plans and develop professional competence.

- Contribute to a drastic change in classification of lower secondary and upper secondary graduates into vocational education and training levels in line with national and local socio-economic development requirements.

(Article 5 of Circular 14/2022/TT-BLDTBXH)

Thanh Rin

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