Plan for mitigation of GHG emissions in Vietnam

What are the entities for which GHG emission mitigation is mandatory? What are the regulations on the plan for mitigation of GHG emissions in Vietnam? - Hoang Khang (Long An, Vietnam)

Plan for mitigation of GHG emissions in Vietnam (Internet image)

1. Entities for which GHG emission mitigation is mandatory in Vietnam

According to Article 5 of Decree 06/2022/ND-CP, the objects of mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions include:

(1) Establishments on the list of sectors and facilities emitting GHG must make an inventory of GHG promulgated by the Prime Minister.

(2) The Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the Ministry of Construction.

(3) Organizations and individuals other than those prescribed in Clause 1 of this Article are encouraged to carry out mitigation of GHG emissions in a manner that is suitable for their conditions and activities.

2. Plan for mitigation of GHG emissions in Vietnam

Plan for mitigation of GHG emissions under Article 13 of Decree 06/2022/ND-CP is as follows:

- Requirements for mitigation of GHG emissions

+ Plan for industry-level GHG emissions mitigation shall be formulated based on strategies, planning, plans of the industry; GHG inventory results and BAU scenarios in the planning period;

+ Plans for GHG emissions mitigation under facilities shall be formulated based on properties, operation areas, capacities and available technological and manufacturing and business plans of the facilities; GHG inventory results and estimate the GHG emissions rates in the plan period;

+ Measures for the GHG emissions mitigation chosen shall be specified in the NDC or suitable for technological and financial conditions, available, measurable, reportable and verifiable;

+ Methods of determining decrease in GHGs of the GHG emissions measures shall be formulated according to guidelines on the methods of GHG emissions mitigation measurement certified by UNFCCC or promulgated by competent authorities;

+ There must be a plan for monitoring and reporting results of the GHG emissions mitigation measures according to the regulations on measurement, reporting and verification.

- The ministries prescribed in Clause 1 Article 5 of Decree 06/2022/ND-CP shall formulate and approve GHG emissions mitigation plans of their industries until 2030with phased implementation schedule until 2025 and submit them to the Ministry of Natural Resource and Environment before January 31 from 2023;

- An industry-level plan for GHG emissions mitigation formulated according to Form No. 01 of Appendix IV issued together with Decree 06/2022/ND-CP includes:

+ A GHG inventory result of their industries of the latest year;

+ A BAU scenario and estimated potential GHG emissions decrease ;

+ An objective of GHG emissions mitigation of each year from 2023 to the end of 2025 and from 2026 to the end of 2030 according to the objective of GHG emissions mitigation of the NDC;

+ Chosen Measures for GHG emissions mitigation that are suitable for actual situation, technological situation, available resources, strategic environmental assessments for development strategies of national sectors and fields, national sector plans and technological and specialized plans with great impacts on the environment on the list prescribed by the Government;

+ Plan for monitoring implementation of the GHG emissions mitigation plan.

- The facilities prescribed in Clause 1 Article 5 of Decree 06/2022/ND-CP shall:

+ Formulate and carry out GHG emissions mitigation measures of the facilities in the period from 2023 to 2025 in a manner that is suitable for manufacture and business conditions of the facilities;

+ Formulate and approve GHG emissions mitigation plans in the period from 2026 to 2030, annually adjust and update (if any) and submit them to the Ministry of Natural Resource and Environment, relevant ministries specified in Clause 2 Article 5 of Decree 06/2022/ND-CP and relevant specialized agencies under the provincial People’s Committees before December 31 from 2025.

- Internal plans for GHG emissions mitigation shall be formulated according to Form No. 02 of Appendix IV issued together with Decree 06/2022/ND-CP.

+ GHG inventory results of facilities of the latest year;

+ Estimated GHG emissions in the planning period without application of technology and measures for GHG emissions mitigation;

+ Objective of GHG emissions mitigation of each year in the period from 2026 to 2030;

+ Chosen measures for GHG emissions mitigation that are suitable for actual situation, technological situation, and available resources of the facilities;

+ Plan for monitoring implementation of the GHG emissions mitigation plan.

- Revisions to plan for GHG emissions mitigation

+ The ministries specified in Clause 2 Article 5 of Decree 06/2022/ND-CP shall revise their GHG emissions mitigation plans when there are changes prescribed in Clause 1 of this Article or factors and risks of major negative impact on socio-economic development strategies of sectors and localities and requested adjustment by ministers and heads of ministerial-level agencies;

+ The facilities specified in Clause 1 Article 5 of Decree 06/2022/ND-CP shall revise their GHG emissions mitigation plans when there are changes specified in Point b Clause 1 hereof or at the request of their owners .

- The People’s Committee of province has responsibility to provide figures for the ministries prescribed in Clause 3 Article 7 of Decree 06/2022/ND-CP serving formulation of ministerial plans for GHG emissions mitigation prescribed in Clauses 2 and 3 of Decree 06/2022/ND-CP, participating in ministerial-level GHG emissions mitigation plans and monitoring the implementation by the facilities prescribed in Clause 1 Article 5 of Decree 06/2022/ND-CP under their management

Quoc Dat

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