03 environmental criteria for investment project classification in Vietnam

This is a notable content of the Law on Environmental Protection 2020 approved by the National Assembly of Vietnam on November 17, 2019.

tiêu chí về môi trường để phân loại dự án đầu tư, Luật Bảo vệ môi trường 2020

Specifically, according to Article 28 of the Law on Environmental Protection 2020 of Vietnam, environmental criteria for investment project classification include:

- Scale, capacity and type of production, business and service;

- Area of land, land with water surface, and sea used; scale of extraction of natural resources;

- Environmentally sensitive factors including high density residential areas; water source used for supply of domestic water; wildlife sanctuaries prescribed by the law on biodiversity and fisheries; types of forests prescribed by the law on forestry; other tangible cultural heritage and natural heritage sites; land meant for growing wet rice during 02 or more cropping seasons; important wetlands; migration and relocation requirements and other environmental sensitive factors.

According to the above environmental criteria, investment projects shall be classified into Group I, II, III and IV.

Group I investment projects are those that pose a high risk of adverse environmental impacts, including:

- Large-scale and capacity projects involved in types of production, business and services that are likely to cause environmental pollution; projects providing hazardous waste treatment service; projects involving import of scrap from foreign countries as production materials;

- Medium-scale and capacity projects involved in types of production, business and services with environmentally sensitive factors that are likely to cause; large-scale and capacity projects not involved in types of production, business and services with environmentally sensitive factors that are likely to cause environmental pollution;

- Large- or medium-scale projects using land, land with water surface and marine area with environmentally sensitive factors;

- Large- or medium-scale and capacity projects on extraction of minerals and water resources with environmentally sensitive factors;

- Projects requiring repurposing of land on at least medium scale with environmentally sensitive factors;

- Large-scale projects requiring migration and relocation.

View more details at the Law on Environmental Protection 2020 of Vietnam, effective from January 01, 2022.

Ty Na

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