Beware of the possibility of Omicron mutation

In order to proactively respond to the possibility of the appearance of the Omicron strain in Vietnam, Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam requested the Ministry of Health to urgently issue new guidelines on assessment of epidemic levels; increase vaccination and organize the 3rd dose of COVID-19 vaccine; distribute enough antiretroviral drugs to all infected people who need to take them as soon as possible…

 Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam emphasized that although the Omicron strain has not been detected, we must be in the mindset that this mutation has appeared in Vietnam. Photo: VGP/Dinh Nam

On the morning of December 22, Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam, Deputy Head of the National Steering Committee for COVID-19 Prevention and Control, chaired a nationwide online conference to thoroughly grasp a number of COVID-19 prevention and control tasks at the office. department.

At the conference, Prof. Dr. Phan Trong Lan, Director of the Department of Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Health said that as of the morning of December 22, the world recorded more than 276 million cases, nearly 5.4 million deaths. . The strain Omicron was first recorded on November 24, and was assessed by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a strain of concern due to the increased risk of reinfection, which can evade immunity.

Prof. Dr. Phan Trong Lan, Director of the Department of Preventive Medicine, reported on the recent situation of the COVID-19 epidemic and proposed to strengthen a number of measures during the Lunar New Year and Spring Festival 2022. Photo: VGP /Dinh Nam

To date, WHO has announced that it has recorded the Omicron strain in 89 countries and territories, including China, Cambodia, Thailand, and Myanmar. As a result, the health system is still at risk of being overwhelmed, leading to a high mortality rate. Many countries around the world have to strengthen measures to limit activities of large gatherings to prevent and control the COVID-19 epidemic.

In Vietnam, as of the morning of December 22, the whole country recorded 1,571,780 cases, ranking 32/223 countries and territories. Particularly for the fourth outbreak (from April 27 to now), the number of new cases recorded in the country is 1,566,261 cases. The total number of deaths from COVID-19 in Vietnam so far is 30,041, accounting for 1.9% of the total number of cases.

Prof. Dr. Phan Trong Lan said that up to now, the COVID-19 epidemic situation is basically under control nationwide. However, the number of community cases and deaths continued to increase rapidly in many localities. The main reason is that after implementing Resolution 128/NQ-CP and Decision 4800/QD-BYT, social activities returned to normal; pathogens circulating in the community; Delta mutation with fast spreading speed, high risk of Omicron mutation entering Vietnam; appeared subjective psychology, did not comply with regulations on epidemic prevention and control, especially not wearing masks in public places; Immunity of people vaccinated at the first stage decreases with time, while new people need time to develop immunity...

In the coming time, the Ministry of Health proposes to strengthen epidemic prevention and control measures, especially monitoring for early detection, treatment to reduce severe disease and mortality, and speed up vaccination due to the changing winter weather. Spring is favorable for development and spread, especially during the upcoming New Year's Day, the upcoming 2022 Lunar New Year...

Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam reminded: Assuming the Omicron strain has a milder virulence, but if the number of infections accumulates at one time, overloading the health system, the mortality rate will be very high. Photo: VGP/Dinh Nam

The Ministry of Health proposes the People's Committees of the provinces and cities to strictly follow the direction of the Prime Minister; continue to assess the level of the epidemic to take appropriate measures with the complicated developments of the epidemic, to ensure production recovery activities; improve the grassroots health care capacity, proactively and ready to equip, human resources, therapeutic drugs, medical oxygen to ensure that people have early and remote medical access; strengthen screening tests for high-risk subjects and areas in order to early detect new strains; organize vaccination safely, as quickly as possible, strive to complete the 2nd dose of COVID-19 vaccine for people over 18 years old by December 31, complete the 3rd dose for people 18 years old and older, and get enough vaccinations. 2 injections for people aged 12-18 in January 2022; Well organize the treatment at home and facilities for patients with COVID-19, avoiding the situation of rushing to hospitals to cause overload...

"Especially, localities have adjusted isolation for F1 cases who have received the full dose of vaccine or have recovered from COVID-19 under the guidance of the Ministry of Health," said Deputy Minister of Health Do. Xuan Tuyen said.

In addition, leaders of the Ministry of Health suggested that the Ministry of Public Security continue to maintain and promote the role of the grassroots police together with the community COVID-19 prevention and control team to trace contacts and manage people infected at the grassroots level. ; ensure security and safety of isolation and treatment areas; immigration management; support, participate in the bidding process, purchase supplies, medical equipment, drugs to prevent negative ...

Concluding the conference, Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam emphasized that the COVID-19 pandemic in the world continued to have very unpredictable developments due to the Omicron mutation. There is now a fairly clear basis to evaluate the Omicron strain spreading faster (according to some studies 3 to 7 times faster than the Delta strain).

Studies show that with the Delta strain, when the infected person has had 2 doses of vaccine, the risk of death is reduced by about 12 times, while there is no clear sign to determine that the Omicron strain has a lower virulence compared to the Omicron variant. Delta mutation. The risk of being infected by the Omicron variant for people who have received 2 doses of the vaccine is still 3 times higher than that of the Delta variant, even those who have been infected with the Delta variant still have a higher risk of being re-infected with the Omicron variant.

During the Lunar New Year, the community COVID-19 team, police, militia, health workers and other forces need to continue to "go every alley, knock door-to-door, check every person" in vaccination, detection, and support. support the sick, do not let anyone who is in isolation, self-treat at home without Tet. Photo: VGP/Dinh Nam

The Deputy Prime Minister reiterated, from the beginning of the epidemic, when a country in Southeast Asia had a new strain of infection, we all identified it as if the new strain was already present in the country. Similarly, before the spread of the Omicron mutation in the world and some countries in the region, we must be in the position of this mutation that appeared in Vietnam.

In the Official Dispatch No. 1745/CD-TTg dated December 19, 2021 of the Prime Minister on strengthening the prevention and control of COVID-19 epidemic, control of the Omicron variant of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam requested the Ministry of Health to urgently guide the assessment of the epidemic level and necessary measures to prevent and control the epidemic in accordance with the epidemic situation, winter weather and the risk of Omicron mutation. . While there is no new guidance on assessing the level of the epidemic, based on the specific situation in each field, each locality can agree with the Ministry of Health to upgrade the epidemic level compared to the epidemic level determined according to the epidemic level. current guidelines of the Ministry of Health.

We must accelerate the rate of vaccination in the direction of shifting from "prioritizing groups of people with underlying diseases, people over 50 years old" to "striving to vaccinate all people in the age group indicated for vaccination; especially, do not allow people over 50 years old, people with underlying diseases (except for a few people in the group of contraindications) to not be vaccinated against COVID-19".

The Ministry of Health ensures that the localities are able to supply enough antiretroviral drugs (bag C) to organize the distribution of drugs to all people infected with the virus who need to take them as soon as possible. Absolutely do not let the shortage of medicine.

The Ministry of Health, the People's Committees of the provinces and centrally-run cities shall direct, guide and train to strengthen the organization of isolation and self-treatment at home and at establishments; avoid the situation of being pushed to the upper level hospital to cause overload. The grassroots health system must manage all infected people, prevent people from testing positive without accessing health services, not being able to dispense drugs, not being managed. health monitoring.

“Supposing that the strain of Omicron is mildly virulent, there will still be a proportion of people who have had enough vaccinations to become infected, of which there will be a rate that will become severe. If we let the number of infections accumulate at one time, overloading the health system, the mortality rate will be very high. Therefore, we must not relax our vigilance," said the Deputy Prime Minister.

During the Lunar New Year holiday, the community COVID-19 team, police, militia, health workers and other forces need to continue to "go every alley, knock door-to-door, check every person" in vaccination, the Deputy Prime Minister noted. vaccines, detect and support sick people, do not let anyone who is in isolation, self-treat at home without Tet.

Dinh Nam

Source: Cổng thông tin điện tử Chính phủ

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