Has the suspended sentence applied by the court when there are insignia committed by the court?

Official Letter 02/TANDTC-PC to guide the settlement of problems related to the application of suspended sentences in case of breach of contracts, in which the court has applied the aggravating circumstance of "insecticidal nature".

Conditions for application of suspended sentence

02/2018/NQ-HDTP on guidelines for Article 65 of the Criminal Code on suspended sentence (which is amended by Point a, b Clause 1 Article 1 of Resolution No.

A person sentenced to imprisonment may be considered for application of suspended sentence when fully meeting the following conditions:

- He/she is sentenced to imprisonment for not more than 3 years.

- Persons sentenced to imprisonment have relatives who are not committed this crime and persons who have committed the crime of observing policies and laws and fulfilling all obligations of citizens at their places of residence and workplaces.

+ Those who have been convicted but fall into the case considered having no previous conviction, have had their previous criminal convictions expunged, and those who have been administratively sanctioned or disciplined but, by the date of committing this new crime, have already been regarded as having never been administratively sanctioned or disciplined according to law, if deeming that the nature and severity of the new crime has been committed in a case of less serious or the crime is the one who has committed the act of considerable role in the case and meets all other conditions, may also serve suspended sentence;

+ For a convict who has used the fact that "has been disciplined" or "has been administratively sanctioned" or "has been convicted" and satisfies all other conditions, such person may also be entitled to suspended sentence;

+ For a convict who is separated for settlement in different periods (separation into different cases) and meets all other conditions, such case may also be suspended.

- He/she has two or more extenuating circumstances of his/her penal liability, including at least one extenuating circumstance specified in Clause 1, Article 51 of the Penal Code and no aggravating circumstance of his/her penal liability specified in Clause 1, Article 52 of the Penal Code.

If there is an aggravating circumstance in a criminal liability, the aggravating circumstance(s) of criminal liability must be more than two (02) circumstances or more, including at least one extenuating circumstance prescribed in Clause 1 Article 51 of the Criminal Code.

- Having clear residence or stable working places for the competent agencies or organizations to supervise and educate them.

Clear place of residence means a place of temporary or permanent residence with a specific address specified in accordance with the Residence Law in which a person subject to a suspended sentence returns to reside and regularly lives after he/she enjoys a suspended sentence.

"stable workplace" means the workplace where the offender has worked for at least 1 year under an employment contract or a decision of a competent authority.

- It is deemed unnecessary to compel the serving of imprisonment penalty if the offender is capable of self-renovation and the suspended sentence is not dangerous to the society and does not adversely affect security, social order and safety.

- When considering and deciding to permit the defendant to enjoy suspended sentence, the court shall carefully and strictly consider conditions to ensure such suspension sentence is compliant with law, especially for the cases guided in Clauses 2, 4 and 5, Article 3 of this Resolution.

Accordingly, offenders must fully satisfy the above conditions before applying suspended sentences.

Has the suspended sentence applied by the court when there are insignia committed by the court?

Application of suspended sentence in case of breach of contract

Official Letter 02/TANDTC-PC in 2021 on answering a number of difficulties arising during adjudication:

"Pursuant to Clause 1 Article 3 of Resolution No. Thus, if the offender is subjected to an aggravating circumstance that "the offence has an insect character" or an aggravating circumstance that "the offence has an element character" as prescribed in the Criminal Code, the offender shall be subjected to a suspended sentence.

However, for criminal cases committed in conjunction with the court, when adjudicating them, the court shall consider and assess the nature, role and act of the crime committed in each conjunction so as to determine whether the crime committed in an inclusion or not."

Accordingly, if the offender is applied with " condenser" factor by the court, such offender shall not be suspended. However, in case of a violation, the role of each violation must be determined in order to determine whether the crime is composed of a clutch or not.

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