16/07/2022 10:05

Conditional donation contract - Rights and obligations of the parties in Vietnam

Conditional donation contract - Rights and obligations of the parties in Vietnam

Property donation contract is an agreement between parties whereby the donor hands over his/her property and transfers ownership rights to the donor without asking for compensation defined in Article 457 of the Civil Code 2015 of Vietnam. In essence, a property donation contract is a transfer of property ownership rights to another person.

The following is a case of a conditional property donation. Specifically:

At Judgment 101/2019/DS-PT dated September 19, 2019 of the People's Court of Binh Phuoc province, the appellate trial of the donation contract dispute between plaintiff Pham C and defendant Mr. Ms. Nguyen Thi H.

"On August 17, 2006, Mr. C made a "Document for land and housing" for his son Mr. L, with the content that Mr. C gave Mr. L land and house, along with some items, and Mr. L had to commit The responsible commitment to Mr. C includes: "Raising his father and taking care of medicine when his father is sick; when his father dies, he must coordinate with his brothers, sisters and brothers to take care of his father's funeral and grave; to take care of his death anniversary every year. Grandparents include: mother's death anniversary, grandmother's death anniversary, grandfather's death anniversary, second uncle's death anniversary, spring sacrifice and Buddha's great festivals such as: Full moon of April, full moon of July; responsible for paying amounts to the state according to regulations related…”.This certificate is authenticated by the leadership of village N, the commune judicial committee, and the people's committee of commune S.

On October 1, 2014, the parties went to the Notary Office to notarize the contract of gifting the property to Mr. L with a land area of ​​607.2m2 (including 200m2 of rural land) and were granted a certificate by the People's Committee of town P. certificate of land use rights dated October 20, 2014 for Mr. L. The donation contract does not include the above 03 conditions.

In fact, Mr. C only gave Mr. L a land area of ​​310.9m2 (including 100m2 of land in rural areas) for Mr. L and Mrs. H to build houses on. Mr. C still uses an area of ​​296.3m2 of land (of which 100m2 is in rural areas), located in Hamlet N, commune L, town P, Binh Phuoc province and property on land.

Mr. C believes that Mr. L and Mrs. H have abused and insulted him many times, do not take care of his health, and chased him away, so he has no place to live. Now Mr. C asks the Court to force Mr. Pham Van L and Ms. Nguyen Thi H to return 296.3m2 of land (of which 100m2 is in rural areas). Only agree for the land area that Mr. H and Mrs. L are living in is 310.9m2 (of which 100m2 is in rural areas)."

Although the donation contract does not specify the donation conditions, the "Paper for the house and land" shows that the parties have reached an agreement on the donation conditions and the donation conditions are legal. Therefore, the Court has determined that the contract of donation of land use rights of Mr. C is a contract for gifting the property with conditions.

However, the Trial Panel did not accept the request to cancel part of the contract for gifting the property of Mr. C for the following reasons:

Firstly, according to "Paper for house and land" is the condition that the donation of property is not against the law and morality, and the recipient fulfills the obligations after the donation. However, the paper did not agree on what the consequences would be if Mr. L did not perform his obligations towards Mr. C. Therefore, the Court determined that this is only a document for the conditional property but is not bound by legal consequences, but only has the meaning of binding in terms of beliefs and obligations of children to parents, Mr. women and social morality.

Secondly, through the testimonies and collected pieces of evidence, it is not possible to prove that Mr. L and Mrs. H committed abusive behavior as well as failed to perform the obligation to take care of Mr. C.

About Mrs. C's opinion that Mrs. Nguyen Thi H loudly shouted and cursed at her "Wherever you go, my wife and I will not accept you anymore", but the incident was not witnessed by anyone, Mrs. H's side said. negate. Therefore, there is no basis for the Court to accept. And if yes, as Mr. C said, Ms. H's behavior should only be morally condemned, not bound as a breach of the obligations in the gift contract relationship between Mr. Pham C and Mr. Pham Van L, because Mr. L is the subject to perform the obligations in this donation contract.

The family conflict between Mr. C and Mr. L's wife is just a minor conflict in the family, mostly due to disagreements leading to temporary, unsystematic arguments and not abusive behavior.

Thirdly, Mrs. C believes that she was chased away by Mrs. H, leading to no place to live, which is groundless. Because at present, Mr. C still has a house and land on an area of ​​296.3m2, until now he still lives in his own house.

According to the provisions of Article 462 of the Civil Code 2015 on gifting property with the following conditions:

1. A giver may require a recipient to perform one or several civil obligations prior to or after the giving of a gift. The conditions for giving a gift must not contravene the law or social morals.

2. Where a recipient performs an obligation required to be performed as a condition to the giving of a gift and the giver fails to deliver the gift, the giver must pay for the obligation already performed by the recipient.

3. Where a recipient fails to perform an obligation required to be performed after the giving of a gift, the giver may reclaim the gift and demand compensation for damage.

Through the content of the case, we see that it is legal to give conditional property to Mr. C and Mr. L. The donation conditions do not violate the law and are not immoral.

In the author's opinion, it is unreasonable for the Court of Appeal to determine that "Paper for house and land" is only a document for conditional property and does not bind the legal consequences of the Court of Appeal. Pursuant to Clause 3, Article 462 of the Civil Code 2015, when the donor fails to perform his/her obligations, the donor still has the right to reclaim the property even though the donation contract does not specify if it violates the obligations. what the consequences should be. Mr. C still has the right to reclaim the donated property if Mr. L fails to perform his obligations as committed. However, in the case of the above judgment, Mr. C could not prove that he violated Mr. L's obligations, so it is reasonable to not cancel the donation contract.

Conditional donation of property is a very common case in practice. The donation of property may or may not be accompanied by certain conditions of the donor. The donor may require the donor to perform one or more obligations before or after the donation, provided that the donation is not contrary to law and social ethics.

Anh Dao

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